Friday, 27 December 2013

The website offer you "clear, accurate understandable information about your orthopaedic condition. Start here if you are interested in learning more about the anatomy and cause of your condition, how your doctor will make the diagnosis and what treatment options are available to you."

(suggested to me by my classmate Bita Loftalief)


Just like you...

We are clinicians
We’d move heaven and earth for the benefit of our patients
We are busy
And don’t want to waste time collecting education without a purpose
Our education has a purpose – to improve our patient care.
       And, we offer evidence of that!
We are curious
       And, maybe a bit non-traditional.
And, yet we are different from each other.
       We come from different clinical backgrounds and we like our differences!

Electrotherapy on the Web provides current, non commercial information on various aspects of Electrotherapy. It is not presented as a replacement for current texts but attempts to provide an independent view of the current state of the art. The range of pages and topics continues to expand, and some of the long standing pages get updated whenever I can. There are still some new pages to write and new developments to add all the time.

The website is sponsored by Indiba Activ, to whom grateful thanks are extended.

Thursday, 26 December 2013

Stroke Survivor Learns How to Use Hand

With the help of the electric impulses of a Ness H200 Hand Rehabilitation System (made by Bioness) applied to stroke survivor's arm, his hand is able to open and grasp pegs on a peg board. Read more about his stroke recovery and rehabilitation at

Monday, 23 December 2013

Anatomy of the brain

brain lobes

A beautiful section in Mayfield Clinic website dedicated in the anatomy of the brain. Presented in a simple and easy to understand way with beautiful pictures.

Suggested by my classmate Bita Loftalief.

Sunday, 15 December 2013

Neurology overview

Here is an overview all all the subjects I covered in my first 2 years of my studies regarding Neurology. Subjects included:

Part 1
Overview; The somatosensory system; The motor system; Spinal anatomy and syndromes; The autonomic nervous system
Part 2
The basal ganglia; The cerebellum; Behavioral neurology; States of consciousness; The cranial nerves, the visual system, the facial and bulbar muscles; Acquired brain injury; Cerebrovascular accident / stroke; Multiple sclerosis

This work is based on the material provided to me by my professor in Neurology Jaap Baker (MD), the Vander's Human Physiology book (Widmaier et al, McGraw-Hill International Edition, NY, 12th ed.), the Physical Management for Neurological Conditions book (Stokes etl, Churchill Livingstone, UK, 3rd ed.), variable internet sources as well as my own work.

Tuesday, 10 December 2013

International perspectives on spinal cord injury

New guidelines published by WHO:

"Every year between 250 000 and 500 000 people suffer a spinal cord injury, with road traffic crashes, falls and violence as the three leading causes. People with spinal cord injury are two to five times more likely to die prematurely. They also have lower rates of school enrollment and economic participation than people without such injuries. Spinal cord injury has costly consequences for the individual and society, but it is preventable, survivable and need not preclude good health and social inclusion. Ensuring an adequate medical and rehabilitation response, followed by supportive services and accessible environments, can help minimize the disruption to people with spinal cord injury and their families. 

The aims of International perspectives on spinal cord injury are to: 
assemble and summarize information on spinal cord injury, in particular the epidemiology, services, interventions and policies that are relevant, together with the lived experience of people with spinal cord injury;
make recommendations for actions based on this evidence that are consistent with the aspirations for people with disabilities as expressed in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities."

Monday, 9 December 2013

Request for review of Chiropractic & Osteopathic Boards of Australia

Friends of Science in Medcine made two submissions to the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA) requesting reviews of the actions of the Chiropractic Board of Australia (CBA) and the Osteopathic Board of Australia (OBA). The reports raised serious questions about the integrity of both the CBA and the OBA.

Consequently, their ability to discharge their statutory obligation to protect the public from inappropriate and unjustifiable behaviour on the part of many of their registrants was also brought into question.

A review of the 360 courses approved by the CBA for Continuing Professional Development (CPD) identified that up to one-third of courses were based on pseudoscience or made exaggerated claims of efficacy.

'Cranial osteopathy' is a belief that there is a 'cranial rhythm' in the cranium, sacrum, cerebrospinal fluid and membranes enveloping the 'craniosacral system'; that they can be detected and measured only by their practitioner’s hands; and that good health requires the 'balance' and 'flow' of this rhythm. FSM identified a number of 'cranial osteopathy' courses for common childhood conditions such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), asthma, allergies, bed-wetting, colic and ear infection, all of which are commonly referred to on osteopathic websites as conditions amenable to cranial manipulation. Other courses identified include obstetrics and gynaecology, paediatrics, visceral osteopathy and osteopathic neurology.

FSM asked AHPRA to investigate the CBA and the OBA and to seriously consider dismissing their current Boards.

Both Victoria University and RMIT osteopathy degrees promote cranial osteopathy.